History of the Origin and Development of Sports Games

Sport has come to us from the depths of time, serving not only as a means for physical fitness but also as a cultural tradition that underscores the human desire to be strong, enduring, and agile. This ancient pursuit, much like the physical challenges of early competitions in running, jumping, and throwing found in Stone Age rock paintings and archaeological discoveries, reflects a deep-rooted part of human nature.


As history shows, if a man excelled in these physical feats, he was often celebrated and revered, showcasing his superiority over both foes and harsh circumstances. This inherent competitive spirit has shaped the sports we know today, and it continues to evolve, keeping us engaged and entertained.


In the modern era, however, the context has shifted. With increasing sedentariness due to less physically demanding work, our bodies often do not receive the necessary activity to stay healthy and vigorous. This can lead to quick fatigue, persistent irritability, and even the development of various diseases. Engaging in sports can be as revitalizing for our physical and mental health as discovering a Wanted Win no deposit in online gaming can be for our leisure and excitement, offering a valuable and enjoyable respite from the stresses of daily life.


Now, let’s take a closer look at the emergence and history of some of the most famous sports games, exploring how they have been forged on the anvil of centuries and how they continue to challenge and inspire us today.


History of sport development


When did sport appear, what was the development of sport and what does the word sport mean to the inhabitants of our planet? Have you never thought about it? Never thought what it is, why it is so many and so diverse? Why is sport called both physical activity and mental activity, as well as activity aimed at revealing some outstanding qualities in a person? Why?


How did people come to compete with each other, identifying the strongest and, in general, why was it necessary? Let’s try to understand a little bit in all these questions. If we turn to numerous sources, it can be found that sport originated many millennia ago and any particular birthplace of sport can not be traced.


We can assume that it originated with the emergence of community in people, with the beginning of hunting and with the emergence of some logic. And more precisely with the emergence of religion.The beginning of sport: in their free time from hunting, gathering, fishing and other activities, ancient people performed various dances and held numerous rituals to placate their gods. At first people did it out of necessity, and later for their own pleasure.


On the other hand, we can assume that the beginning of sports came with the realisation that bloody wars can be avoided by simple competition. Remember that in ancient times, during the Olympics, all attempts to shed blood were stopped.


Of great importance in the development of rudimentary sport was the appearance of the ball. It was a kind of explosion, which changed not everything, but a lot. To this day, the most popular sports, one way or another, are connected with the ball – football, tennis, basketball, volleyball, rugby and others.


The ball was worshipped as an idol (the ball was considered the most perfect form), it personified the sun. It is also known from ancient history that one of the first “balls” were the heads of non-mates. The ball became the main amusement in peacetime.


Sports games. History of origin and development


History of football- the most popular team game in the world, where you have to fight for a small number of points. The history of “foot ball” goes back many centuries. Various ball games similar to football were played in the Ancient East (Egypt, China), in the ancient world (Greece, Rome), in France (“pas supi”), in Italy (“calcio”) and in England. The immediate predecessor of European football was, in s s she likely, the Roman “harpastum”.


In this game, which was one of the types of military training legionaries, should have held the ball between two posts. In Ancient Egypt, a game similar to football was known in 1900 B.C. In Ancient Greece, the ball game was popular in various manifestations in the 4th century B.C., as evidenced by the image of a young man juggling a ball on an ancient Greek amphora kept in a museum in Athens.


Among the warriors of Sparta was popular ball game “episkyros”, which was played with both hands and feet. The Romans called this game “harpastum” (“hand ball”) and slightly modified the rules. Their game was characterised by brutality. It was thanks to the Roman conquerors that the ball game became known in the British Isles in the 1st century A.D., quickly gaining recognition among the native Britons and Celts. The Britons proved to be worthy disciples – in 217 AD in Derby they defeated a team of Roman legionaries for the first time.


Around the 5th century this game disappeared with the Roman Empire, but the memory of it remained with the Europeans, and especially in Italy. Even the great Leonardo da Vinci, who was characterised by his contemporaries as a man withdrawn, reserved in showing emotions, was not indifferent to it. In his “biography of the most famous painters, sculptors and architects” read: “in his desire to distinguish himself, he found himself not only in painting or sculpture, but competed in the favourite Florentine young men playing foot ball.”


When supporters of the executed English King Charles I fled to Italy in the 17th century, they learnt the game there, and after the accession of Charles II to the throne in 1660, they brought it to England, where it became a court game. Medieval football in England was extremely gambling and rough, and the game itself was essentially a wild scrum in the streets. The English and Scots played not for life, but for death.


Not surprisingly, the authorities waged a stubborn war on football; even royal orders were issued to ban the game. 13 April 1314 the inhabitants of London was read to the royal edict of Edward II, on pain of imprisonment prohibiting the game in the city … In 1365 it was Edward III’s turn to ban football, in view of the fact that the troops preferred this game to archery. Richard II in his ban mentioned in 1389 both football, dice and tennis.


Football was also enjoyed by eating English monarchs, from Henry IV to James P. But the popularity of football in England was so great that it could not prevent and royal decrees. It was in England that the game was called “football”, although this was not when the game was officially recognised, but when it was banned.


In the early 19th century in Britain there was a transition from “mob football” to organised football, the first rules of which were developed in 1846 in Rugby School and two years later refined in Cambridge. And in 1857 the world’s first football club was organised in Sheffield. Six years later, representatives of 7 clubs gathered in London to develop common rules of the game and organise the National Football Association.


It was formed in 1863, and the world’s first official rules of the game were developed, which were universally recognised several decades later. Three of the thirteen paragraphs of these rules indicated the prohibition of playing with hands in various situations. Only in 1871 the goalkeeper was allowed to play with his hands.


The rules strictly defined the size of the pitch (200×100 yards, or 180×90 metres) and the steal from (8 yards, or 7 m32 cm, remained unchanged). Until the end of the 19 th century. English Football Association has made a number of other changes: the size of the ball was determined (1871), the corner kick was introduced (1872), from 1878 the referee began to use the whistle, from 1891 on the goal appeared on the net and began to break 11-metre penalty kick (penalty).


In 1875 the rope connecting the poles was replaced by a crossbar at a height of 2.44 metres from the ground. And goal nets were used and patented by Englishman Brodie from Liverpool in 1890. The referee on the football field first appeared in 1880-1881. Since 1891 the referee started to go on the pitch with two assistants.


Changes and improvements in the rules certainly influenced the tactics and techniques of the game. Since 1873 the history of international football meetings began with a match between England and Scotland, which ended in a 0-0 draw. Since 1884 in the British Isles began to develop the first official international tournaments with the participation of footballers from England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland (such tournaments are held annually and now).